Again we are traveling to Shiraz. This time we will visit a traditional house next to Narenjestan Qavam. This amazing place is “Zinat Al-Molk” house or museum which was the reside of Qavams, “Andaruni” or the private section. It is one the most important monuments in Shiraz that attracts so many visitors and was the location of some Iranian movies. Beside the architecture, you will get familiar with some important and famous individuals of Fars province, through the pure history of this area.
This beautiful house was built during the 19th century by Qavams, one of the most powerful and important houses of that time. In fact, “Ibrahim Khan Kalantar” was their ancestor. He was the prime minister of “Lotfaali Khan Zand”, the last king of Zand era, and also the first minister of “Agha Mohammad Khan”, the founder of Qajar dynasty. Actually he betrayed his lord, Lotfaali Khan, and helped Agha Mohammad Khan to over crown him. In addition, Zinat Al-Molk and Narenjestan Qavam, a garden next to it, were a unique complex which Zinat Al-Molk house was its private or living section, called “Andaruni”, and Narenjestan was the public or official part, “Biruni”. The constructions lasted for 10 years and inherited among Qavams that finally “Zinat Al-Molk Qavam” got the ownership, she was a kind woman whom did many charity tasks that this amazing house is known with her name. Now it is under the authority of “Fars studies organization” and is “Fars celebrities museum” which is known as “Madame Tussauds” museum of Iran.
This amazing house is located to the west of Narenjestan Qavam. Similarly it has a central garden sketch, the garden is surrounded by rooms or buildings. The entrance of “Zinat Al-Molk” house is to the east with an inscription above it. Then there is a vestibule or a porch. This part is an inseparable section of Iranian traditional houses that acts like a “hijab” in the architecture and avoid seeing directly inside of the house. After that you will enter to an eye-catching garden with two pools. This part is surrounded by rooms, about 20 rooms and to the north the main part of this house is shining. Like Narenjestan Qavam at the top there is a pediment with amazing tile workings. Two Greek angels are holding a crown, it could be the Qajar king’s crown, “Naser Aldin Shah”. Then two lions with swords and suns are depicted in the middle. In fact it was the Iranian national emblem which was always in Iran’s flag, however it has been replaced by the sign of Allah after the Islamic revolution. Also there you will see an outstanding room with lovely mirror works and paintings. Moreover all the rooms are connected to each other that one can go to another without entering to the yard, again this part acts like a hijab in the architecture. The most important part of this place is the basement. It is the museum of celebrities of Fars province through the history. The entrance of this museum is next to the porch, the southeast. There you will get familiar with more than 50 important and effective persons in the history of Fars province such as; kings, poets, clergymen, head of tribes, musicians, heroes, etc.
“Zinat Al-Molk” house or museum is the private part of Qavam garden, “Andaruni”, which was connected to “Narenjestan Qavam”, the public section or “Biruni”, by an under passage tunnel. In addition of its amazing architecture, this place is the museum of celebrities of Fars province. Moreover, according to its marvelous ornamentations, here was the location of some movies.