Yazd is the city of history, culture and religion. There are many fascinating monuments which attract many visitors each year . Definitely, the congregational mosque is one of them. It’s a unique mosque. In fact, its 52-meter minarets are among the tallest minarets in the world. It is one of the most visited places in Yazd which is registered in the UNESCO’s world heritage list.
Actually this mosque was not built in a specific time. It’s said that it was built by “Amr Ibn Al-Layth”. Even it has said that it used to be a fire temple before the invasion of Arabs and converted to a mosque during the Islamic period. Anyway, during the 12th century, the local governor ordered to build a congregational mosque in the old texture of the city, this part is called “Sharestan”. It is known as old congregational mosque of Yazd. At that time, a noblewoman annexed some other parts to the mosque, such as; a portico, a winter praying hall and a dome. After her death, she was buried in that domed-place which is called “ Jamaat Khaneh Dokhtaran”, meaning women congregational section. The old congregational mosque is located to the northeast. Through the history some changes were done and several parts were added to this mosque. Due to the changes people called it as new congregational mosque.
To the east, in front of the eastern entrance, there is a space which is called “Jolo khan”. There is a pool and two stone cylinders, altars, adorned with animals and flowers reliefs. Also there are some hardly-legible inscriptions. In fact, according to some locals they were bases of candles, as there was a bath near the area, being built by the Timurid commander “Amir Chakhmaq”. The entrance is really a masterpiece of architecture. It is a high portico, 24 meters, ornamented with amazing stalactites, tile working and blind vaults. In addition in the inscriptions it is mentioned that during the reign of “Shahrukh Mirza”, the Timurid ruler and son of “Tamerlane”, and “Mirza Jahan Shah”, a “Kara Koyunlu” ruler, works were done. But the most characteristic part of this mosque is above the entrance. There is a pair of 52-meter minarets which were added by “Amir Chakhmaq”, a Timurid commander. However, according to some historians they were annexed during Safavid dynasty by the local governor, “Agha Jamal Al-Din” known as “Mehtar Jamal”. The entrance and minarets were collapsed around 80 years ago and re-erected. After the entrance there is a porch which is decorated with geometric designs of bricks and tiles, faience works, some paintings and some stone tablets. Based on these tablets, it used to be called “Dehliz”. Probably this part was built during the 14th century. Also in that century, “Shah Yahya Mozafari”, a local governor, ordered to build a praying hall, to the east. There, the mosque’s beautiful Mihrab attracts visitors with its lovely ornamentations, such as; teleworking, stucco work, stalactite . Also, there is an inscription in which is written, “Baha Al-Din Mohammad Ibn Hossein 777 AH”.
Moreover, in the central court yard, there is a 50cm-hight platform which is called “ Sahn-e Dakheli”, meaning the internal hall. This part is used during summer nights or for saying some special prayers which must be done in an unroofed area, like the prayer of dead. To the west, there is another praying hall. Because it was built by “Amir Ghias” whom was a Timurid ruler during the 14th century, this part is called “Ghiasieh”. Now, this part is a museum where you can see some stuffs of the mosque. In addition, to the west there is another praying hall, called “Shahzadeh”. It was built by “Shahzadeh Mohammad Vali Mirza” at the beginning of the 19th century. Like the entrance, the main square-shape portico is decorated with outstanding tile working. Also, there are some inscriptions of Koran, name of 12 Imams of Shia Muslims or different names of God. Another important part of this amazing mosque is “Gonbad-khane”, it is a domed hall. Beside its fantastic tile working, there you will see many inscriptions, of some verses of Koran or the architect’s name, “Saad Ibn Mohammad Kaduk Yazdi”.
Yazd Jame mosque is a masterpiece of architecture which is still in use. In addition, its tall minarets are one the highest ones in the world. Above all, everyone is enchanted by the eye-catching tiles, amazing Kufic and Thuluth inscriptions and the terrific atmosphere of the area. This world heritage mosque is located within the old texture of Yazd, being visited by lots of tourist each year.