One of the ways to understand the culture of a destination is to get acquainted with its food. The raw materials, cooking style, decoration and color of food reflect the culture and habits of that society and it can be said that food is part of the identity of a destination and its people. Many enjoy traditional and local cuisine when traveling to a new city or country. In this regard, Iran will be an amazing choice for gastronomy tourism. In addition to traditional Iranian food that is cooked in all parts of the country, most cities and villages also have local food.
There is a great variety of Iranian food. From local food to Iranian Majlisi food, typical food, each of which with its unique aroma and taste intoxicate everyone. Thus the variety in the Iranian foods is come from the different ethnic groups living in it. Each of these tribes has a different cooking style due to the climatic conditions in which they live. The common recipe of Iranian food, is ingredients such as rice, vegetables, white and red meat, cereals and to a lesser extent Iranian flavorings and spices (especially turmeric and saffron) can be seen. In a way that rice and bread are inseparable parts in the gastronomy of Iran. In the following, we are going to introduce some very popular Iranian food and examine their ingredients.
Undoubtedly, kebab is one of the most famous Iranian dishes and many people in the world know Iranian cuisine and food with kebab. There are different types of Iranian kebabs, among which we can mention Bakhtiari kebab, Soltani kebab and Chanjeh kebab. Kobideh is probably the most well-known member of the kebab family and is very popular among Iranians and tourists. Kebabs are usually served with tomatoes, peppers, vegetables, saffron rice, doogh, fresh bread, fresh lemons and onions.
Tehchin is one of the most delicious and eye-catching Iranian foods, with a stylish and attractive appearance. It is interesting to know that this typical Iranian food is also called the Iranian cake. Tehchin is a combination of rice with chicken or red meat, eggplant, etc., but the use of chicken in Tehchin is more common. Tehchin is served both as an appetizer and as a main course. Tehchin is said to have been invented by the mistake of a court chef.
If you ask Iranians what their favorite food is, they will probably say Ghormeh Sabzi. The secret of the deliciousness of this Iranian stew, like many other Iranian stews, lies in the cooking and setting time. The lower the heat and the longer the time it takes to cook, the tastier and juicier it will be. This Iranian traditional food is served with rice and the experience of eating it will surely be interesting and unforgettable for tourists and travelers.
Dizi or Abgusht is one of the oldest Iranian traditional dishes. To prepare this delicious food, mutton is cooked thoroughly with legumes (mainly beans and peas), potatoes and sometimes tomatoes. Then, the broth is separated from the other ingredients. Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice. Generally , Dizi is served with bread, Doogh or Ayran, onions and vegetables. There are different types of Dizi, or Abgusht, but usually, the traditional and famous Iranian Abgusht is cooked in the same way. Dried lemons, black lime or limoo amani, are also added to food to absorb the fat in the broth and improve its taste.
One of the best Iranian dishes that is often served in various ceremonies (such as weddings) is Zereshk Polo, barberry pilaf with chicken. It is prepared from a combination of barberry, saffron and rice. In addition to its wonderful taste, it also has a very pleasant appearance. This popular Iranian food is prepared for both formal and informal occasions. Cooking Zereshk polo is so simple that this simplicity has made it one of the best options for entertaining friends and family. Chicken is a source of vitamin B6, which controls blood sugar, regulates insulin activity, and prevents cardiovascular disease. Also, barberry has been used from the past to the present to treat many diseases. Due to its vitamin B, barberry prevents people from catching colds and increases iron absorption.
There are different types of soup in Iran, Called Ash, and each region prepares it in a special way. But among the dishes, Ash Reshteh, noodle soup, is the most famous and many tourists are familiar with this unique food. Ash Reshteh is very popular, especially in Ramadan and the cold seasons of the year. A variety of legumes, cereals and aromatic plants are used to prepare this Iranian soup. It is very important to decorate the dish before serving, and of course, Iranians are masters at decorating all kinds of food. After cooking, the dish is usually garnished with fried onions, garlic, fried mint and curd.
Loobia polo, bean pilaf, is another delicious Iranian dish that has its own customs and traditions. Loobia polo is usually served with salad, vegetables and yogurt. The ingredients of these delicious Iranian food makes it a pleasant meal. It is made from green beans, meat, onions, tomato paste or tomatoes and various spices. Its low calorie will be useful for those who want to lose weight and eat low-calorie but high-volume foods. Vegetarians can also use soy, mushrooms or potatoes to cook this Iranian food instead of red meat.
Iranian drinks mainly contain plant extracts and their focus is on health. In Iran, in fact, there is always a drink to treat issues such as insomnia, headaches, nausea, dizziness and… . In general, Iranian drinks that are suitable for the cold and summer season are called Sharbat, juice, and herbal teas that are suitable for the winter are called Demanush. One of the commonest Iranian drinks is Doogh, which is highly recommended as one of the healthiest drinks. Dough has many benefits, including calcium, vitamins B2, B6, B12, which strengthen bones; Therefore, many nutritionists highly recommend drinking it and consider Doogh as a very good alternative to soda as the most harmful beverage.
There are different types of Iranian food and except for the famous and popular dishes that are prepared all over Iran, each city and region has its own local and special cuisine. In the meantime, Iranian food and cuisine, along with the warmth and hospitality of the Iranian people, has played a significant role in continuing this bond between Iranians and other people of the world.
You can try and experience the taste of Iranian food through our gastronomy tours. Our travel agency, Reyhan Travel, that is one the best tour operators in Iran also plans various tour packages to travel to Iran, such as cultural tours, historic tours, ecotourism and nature tours, daily tours, etc. Contact us whenever you need us.