What is the oldest civilization in the World? Where is it? Recently, in the southeast of Iran the remains of an old city has been found that can be the oldest ever known Civilization in the world, Konar Sandal civilization in Jiroft city of Kerman province. This tourist attraction of Iran has revealed many interesting facts about the ancient world. It’s said that this mysterious civilization can be the lost puzzle of the ancient world and the cradle of a civilization. So let’s get to know with this interesting tourist destination in Iran.
The ancient civilization of Jiroft is located to the southeast of Iran, in Kerman province. Like other ancient civilizations, the civilization of Jiroft is placed next to a river, Halil Rud river. It is considered to be the lost civilization of “Arata” that is mentioned in some Sumerians’ tablets, attesting by obtained objects in this archaeological site of Iran. This ancient civilizations, at least, dates back to the 3rd Millennium BC and is supposed to be the an interconnecting civilization between the Sumerians and Indians. The existence of this astonishing archaeological site has been revealed by a flood, about 10 years ago, and since then this area has been the center of attraction. More interestingly, the discovery of an old tablet has been concluded that it is one of the oldest civilizations and perhaps, after finishing the studies, the oldest one.
The excavations have revealed the existence of an ancient, wealthy civilization, they have found the ruins of royal palaces, temples, graves, etc. But unfortunately some illegal excavations had been done there. This archaeological site of Iran consist of two to deposits, to the north and to the south. In the northern deposit the remains of a structure is found that seems to be a ziggurat. It is one of the largest one in the world, constructing with approximately 4 million adobes. In addition, in the southern deposit, the archaeologists have found the traces of a fortress. Possibly it was the king’s or the governor’s fortification. It has said that it was a city with the area of hundreds hectares, including economic, political and cultural centers. The discovered artefacts in this archaeological site of Iran, classifies in five categories: metal objects, ceramics, stone objects, tablets and stamps.
First of all, the most astonishing discovery of the archaeologist is a tablet, designing with unknown inscriptions, geometric figures. According to them these tablets are dated at the third Millennium BC, which means that simultaneously with Mesopotamians and Egyptians there was another culture with its own inscription. But, it needs more studies to be assured in conclusion. Furthermore, the artefacts are all designed with outstanding decorations such as; eagle, scorpion, cheetah, snake, etc. Interestingly, a badly damaged sculpture probably a deity has been found in the southern deposit, 115 height with a yellowish color. Also, some vassals are designed with the sketch of structures. According to these decorations and also the discovery of some cereal seeds, it is concluded that it was a developed city. Surprisingly, none of these artifacts are decorated with violent figures.
This archeological site could be one of the oldest civilizations in the world, called “Arata”. For long times, it was supposed that the Sumerians where the nations whom created the inscriptions, but the discovery of this archaeological site criticize this theory. The ancient civilization of Jiroft is mentioned in the Sumerian inscriptions as an industrial center and a developed city, which attests by the excavations.
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