Tang-e Chogan or Chogan gorge is one of the historical sites of Iran located near the historical city of Bishapur. Around this tourist attraction of Iran, bas reliefs of Sassanid kings can be seen. This historic place was important due to its proximity to the Sassanid capital, Bishapur, and the passage. In this place there are 6 bas reliefs related to the four Sassanid kings, Shapur I, Bahram I, Bahram II and Shapur II.
The first bas relief
This bas relief is also on the right side of the canyon and the last one. Shapur I is on horseback, while defeating the Romans, is taking the ring of power from Ahura Mazda. This bas relief has the most damage and parts of it have been lost.
The second bas relief
The second bas relief on the right side of the canyon is about the victory of Shapur I over the Roman kings. More interestingly, in this relief the king is receiving the legitimacy of his kingdom from a Greek angle. Again around the king courtiers and romans are depicted while respecting the king.
The third bas relief
This bas relief, which is larger and more crowded than the other bas reliefs, is the victory of Shapur I over the Roman Empire. In this bas relief, Shapur I is engraved in the middle of the role and on horseback, and under the feet of his horse is the body of Guardianus, a roman empire, and Valerian’s hand is in the hand of Shapur as a sign of captivity. Philip the Arab also knelt in front of Shapur and surrendered. Behind Shapur are Iranian officers and soldiers on horseback. Roman soldiers and high officials are also in front of Shapur, taking gifts for him. 115 figures can be seen in this bas relief, which in this regard is a record holder of Iranian reliefs.
The forth bas relief
The victory of Bahram II over the desert Arabs is the forth Sassanid bas relief in Chogan gorge, in which Bahram is riding a horse and is on the left side, the Arabs are seen in front of him with gifts such as horses and camels.
The fifth bas relief
This relief represents the investiture or the coronation of Bahram I. He is receiving the ring of power from Ahura Mazda, the great god. Later Nerseh, another Sassanid king, changed the relief to his name after his reign, and created an image of the body of Bahram III under his horse.
The sixth bas relief
Along visiting this tourist attraction of Iran you will see the triumph relief of Shapur II over the Arabs. In this bas relief, the king is sitting on a throne in the middle, with Iranian officers and elders standing to his right and Arab captives to his left. However, some historians believe it to be the relief of Bahram ll.
This cave has a special place not only from a natural point of view but also from a historical point of view, because of this cave there is a statue of 7 meters of Shapur I. This sculpture perfectly shows a masterpiece of Iranian art. The statue of Shapur is carved from a giant stalagmite column that existed in this cave. Apparently, this statue was overturned due to an earthquake, which was restored by the Iranian army in 1947 and has returned to its original state, but both hands of this statue have been destroyed.
2400 meters to the mouth of Shapur Cave, and all the way is uphill and in some places there are stone steps, the walk will usually be one hour. After the plan of visiting the bas reliefs and mountain climbing and visiting the cave, now is the time to relax and have a hearty lunch in one of the rural residences of this region. Reyhan-travel.com is one of the best tour operators in Iran that plans different tour packages of the tourist attractions of Iran.