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Sialk hill

Sialk hill

There are too many historic sitesin Iran. there are things to discover. Some of them, dates back to the pre-historic periods. Sialk hills are one of the most important ones. They are located near the central desert of Iran, near Kashan. They are known as one of the bases of civilizations. So, let’s find out this amazing site.

Sialk hill

The history

According to some archeologists it is one the oldest residences in the world. At least, it dates back to 7000 years ago. In fact, 80 years a go, a flood revealed the amazing secrets of two haunted hills, people did not dare to go there as a result of some rumors. Professor Roman Grishman, a French archeologist, excavated Sialk hills, however he took many founded objects to Louvre museum. Then, professor Malek Shahmirzadi continued excavations, after being abandoned until 2001, and found a Ziggurat, an antique stepped building rooted in Mesopotamian culture.

Sialk hill

Excavations

First Roman Grishman discovered both hills and collected all his discoveries in two books. Later Malek Shahmirzadi continued excavations which led to find some interesting facts. They found that it was a Ziggurat. People buried the corpses in their own homes with some objects. Some of them are keeping in Louvre museum and the museum of Fin garden. Results indicate 6 stages of living in Sialk hills.

Sialk hill

In stages 1&2, the oldest traces of living were found, refering to 7000 years ago. According to Grishman people lived in simple buildings, built by adobe and wood. They probably were able to bake clays in a fire place. But during the second stage the potteries were decorated with figures. In addition, corpses were buried in the houses with some objects which proves their belief in afterlife. Also, they could extract cooper and make some vessels or ornamentations.

Sialk hill

During the 3rd stage , about 6000 years ago, Sialk hill was abandoned and probably they moved to the other hill which is about 600 meters far from the northern one. During this stage houses were built by rectangular adobes and corpses were still buried in the houses. In addition, archeologist found pottery wheels and believe that they baked clays. Potteries were decorated with the figure of animals or human. But, the most important discovery are flat stamps which they must have been able to read and write.

Sialk hill

Sialk hill

About 5000 years ago the 4th stage began, until 4500 years ago. It was the beginning of civilization in Sialk. The most important feature of this period is the advent of writings or letters. Moreover, some cylindrical stamps has found which shows the improvement of trading during this time.

Sialk hill

The next era began about 3200 years ago. During that time new immigrants started living there Arians. Gray pottery was the main feature of them. In spite of previous stages, they had a cemetery , cemetery A, and buried corpses with some objects, representing the belief in after life.
About 2900 years ago new people started a new life on the remains of the previous stage. Some clays, decorated with animal figures were found which were buried with dead bodies.

Sialk hill

Sialk hill is one the oldest historic sites in Iran, indicating different stages of living in the heart of Iran. It has said that it is an important living area, due to the descovering of a Ziggurat. According to them, probably Sialk was a part of Elimates civilizations, a part of Mesopotamian culture.

About the author

Hamid Noori is a local tourist guide in Iran. He borned in june 3, 1991. First he studied industrial engineering at Shiraz university and worked in that field for a while but later he decided to pursue his dreams dealing with history. Now Hamid is a professional tourist guide.

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