All around Iran is full of historic sites. In each city there are some thing to discover. Some dates back to pre-historic periods. Sialk hills are one of the most important ones. They are located near the central desert of Iran, near Kashan. Sialk hills are known as one of the base of civilizations. So, let’s find out this amazing site.
Archeologists believe it as one the oldest residence. At least, it dates back to 7000 years ago. In fact, 80 years a go, a flood revealed the amazing secrets of two haunted hills, before that people did not dare to go there as a result of some rumors. Professor Roman Grishman, a French archeologist, excavated Sialk hill, however he took many founded objects to Louvre museum. Then, professor Malek Shahmirzadi continued excavations, after being abandoned until 2001, and found a Ziggurat, an antique stepped building rooted in Mesopotamian culture.
First Roman Grishman discovered both hills and collected all his discoveries in two books. Later Malek Shahmirzadi continued excavations which led to find some interesting facts. They found that it was a Ziggurat. People buried the corpses in their own homes with some objects. Some of them are keeping in Louvre museum and the museum of Fin garden. Results indicate 6 stages of living in Sialk hills.
In stages 1&2 the oldest traces of living were found, 7000 years ago. According to Grishman people lived in simple buildings, built by adobe and wood. They probably were able tonbake clays in a fire place. But during the second stage the potteries were decorated with figures. In addition, corpses were buried in the houses with some objects which shows the belief in afterlife. Also, they could extract cooper and make some vessels or ornamentations.
During the 3rd stage , about 6000 years ago, Sialk hill was abandoned and probably they moved to the other hill which is about 600 meters far from the northern one. During this stage houses were built by rectangular adobes and corpses were buried in the houses, the same as the previous stage. In addition, archeologist found pottery wheels and believe that they baked clays. Potteries were decorated with the figure of animals or human. An important fact is that at this stage, flat stamps were used.
About 5000 years ago the 4th stage began, until 4500 years ago. It was the beginning of civilization in Sialk. The most important feature of this period is the advent of writings or letters. Moreover, some cylindrical stamps has found which shows the improvement of trading during this time.
The next era began about 3200 years ago. During that time new immigrants started living there. Gray pottery was the main feature of them. In spite of previous stages, they had a cemetery , cemetery A, and buried corpses with some objects, representing the belief in after life.
About 2900 years ago new people started a new life on the remains of the previous stage, as a result of that almost nothing has left from that era. Archeologists found clays, decorated with animal figures which were buried with dead bodies.
Sialk hill is one the oldest historic sites in Iran, indicating different stages of living in the heart of Iran. Some archeologists believe it as an important living area as they think there used to be a Ziggurat. According to them, probably Sialk was a part of Elimates civilizations, a part of Mesopotamian culture.