Persian gardens are one of the most well-known styles of gardening which 9 of them are registered in the UNESCO’s world heritage list. One of them is Shazdeh Mahan garden, in Persian Shazdeh means prince, in Kerman province, to the southeast of Iran. In fact, beside the architecture, the environment has also added its aesthetic aspect. Also the garden was situated close to the Silk road that increased its importance. This world heritage site is one of the most popular tourist’s destinations where one can enjoy with the freshness of the garden and lofty trees.
This amazing garden was built during the 19th century by the local governor of Kerman, Mohammad Hasan Khan. But it was repaired and remodeled 20 years later by the subsequent governor, he was a Qajar prince so that the garden is entitled by his name, Shazdeh, however the constructions did not finish. After Qajars the garden was abandoned that caused some destructions. Finally, the cultural organization of Iran has bought and maintained the garden and since 2011 it is a world heritage.
As it mentioned, Mahan garden is in the sketch of Persian gardens. According to this style, gardens are divided into different sections by waterways or pathways, normally it is a quadrant that is called “Chahar Bāgh” or “four garden”. Furthermore, there is a mansion or pavilion at the interception. In addition, Shazdeh Mahan is a stepped garden which enchants every visitors. Surprisingly This garden is laid in the heart of arid lands. But, how is it irrigated? The answer is with an innovative technique, Qanat, a system of transporting water from a local aquifer. Water enters from the upper side and flows in terrace-shape streams , called “Juy”. This lovely garden is ornamented with fountains, working with the incline of the land. The garden irrigates with streams of water along the garden. Honestly here is a cozy place to relax under the shades of trees while smelling the flowers perfumes.
Beside the astonishing garden, there are some eye-catching buildings. At lower part there is a structure which is called “Sardar Khaneh” or the entrance building. Like a reception, visitors had to wait in this part before allowing to enter. However it is decorated admirably in tiles, the history behind the ornamentations is more interesting. It’s said that the governor of Kerman was a cruel man, Abdul Hamid Mirza, and when the artist was aware of his death, he left the job and that’s why some parts in the façade are missed. Moreover, in the upper part, a two-story mansion is shining like a pearl, it was a temporary reside. Actually there is a private section, a private garden, behind this mansion which is its difference with other Persian gardens. Also, a bath and the janitor’s house are other buildings.
Shazdeh Mahan garden was built during the late 19th century by the governor of Kerman province. It is a fabulous garden which surprisingly has built in the heart of desert. Admirably the water distribution is calculated smartly by garden architects that like a miracle a heaven appears an arid land. Surly every one will be stare and shocked by the beauty of the garden. It is the biggest garden in Iran and has been a world heritage since 2011.