Through the history of Persia there are so many significant poets and authors. In fact, all of them have bloomed during the Islamic period. In addition each one is well-known in a specific part of literature. Today we are going to get familiar with the famous Iranian poet “Saadi”. He was a famous preach as well as being a famous and popular poet.
Saadi was born during the 12th century, about 840 years ago, in Shiraz. He had lost his father at 12 and when he was about 20 traveled to Bagdad for educations in Nezemiah school. After graduating, Saadi started traveling. He traveled to almost all the middle east countries. Even some historians believe that he traveled to India and China which seems to be illogical. Even, he was captured in Jerusalem when he was going to pilgrimage. Actually, his travels was simultaneously with The Crusades. Then he got free after paying ransom by the local governor of Aleppo. Then he got married with his daughter but got divorced after a while, as she blamed Saadi of being free by his father. After that Saadi returned to his hometown, Shiraz, which according to his poems he had missed it very much. In his return, first he got a position in the court as the tutor of the governor’s children. In addition, he composed his majestic books, Gulestan and Bustan, in 2 years which proves his mastery in the Persian literature. Any way at the end of his life he moved to a village near shiraz, now it’s known as “Saadieh”. He spent the rest of his life there and when he died, at about 90 years old, he was buried at his home which is now his tomb.
After his death many tried to keep his dignity, however some tried to ruin his tomb. For example, Karim Khan Zand order to build a tomb on his grave, as it had not been an appropriate tomb before. They build a tomb with two stories and put a grave stone on his grave. Unfortunately, that building was ruined, probably due to the civil wars or natural disasters. The present tomb was built about 80 years ago, by the attempt of Ali Asghar Hekmat, the culture minister, and Mohsen Forughi, an architecture. It is the combination of new and old styles. At the entrance, there is a portico with 8 columns which is influenced by the architecture if Chehel Sotun in Isfahan. However the tomb has a rectangular plan from the outside, it is octagonal from the inside. The exterior decorations are tile workings with floral designs and a turquoise dome, as the symbol of luminosity. Moreover, the interior ornamentations are tile workings and some inscriptions of his poems. The present grave stone dates back to about 200 years ago which was put by a dignitary. Next to his tomb there is a corridor with 7 vaults, leading to the tomb of another poet, Shoorideh. This corridor is adopted by the Sassanid architecture in Bishapur city. Also its 7 vaults represent the century that Saadi lived in, according to lunar calendar. In front of this corridor there is a pool. Influenced by Byzantium culture. people throw a coin in it and wishes good things. But the thing which is important is that, there is another pool near this one, in a basement. It is known as Saadi’s pool. Based on the historic documents and the comments of travelers; such as Sharden, it was full of fishes. They were protected well, as it was a sacred place for people that they believe fishes were fed by Saadi. Even it is reported that it was a custom doing ablutions at the last Wednesday of the year in it.
The poems of Saadi are meaningful, They are out of his experiences, and full of advice. In fact, what makes his poems especial is that when you read them it seems that a contemporary poet has composed them, but you can’t compose a poem like that. Moreover, he is a well-known poet not only for Persians but also In the world. In addition of spirituality his poems are practical, especially in Gulestan. The most famous poem of Saadi is “ Bani Adam” which says:
“Human beings are members of a whole,
since in their creation they are of one essence.
When the conditions of the time brings a member (limb) to pain,
the other members (limbs) will suffer from discomfort.
You, who are indifferent to the misery of others,
it is not fitting that they should call you a human being.”
Saadi is one of the major Persian poet. He born in Shiraz and traveled a lot, about 30 years. After returning to his hometown, he wrote his famous books, Bustan and Gulestan which are masterpieces in the Persian literature. He’s been a well-known poet and admired by many. His tomb, in shiraz, is absolutely popular , visiting by many tourist from all around the world each year.