Naqsh-e Jahan square is one of the most important historic places in Iran. It was built during the 16th century by the order of the safavid king, Shah Abbas the 1st the great. Actually Shah Abbas after choosing Isfahan as the new capital of the dynasty, Tabriz was the first and Qazvin was the second, order to build such an amazing square which is the second biggest square in the world after Tiananmen square in Beijing.
This place is influenced by an older square in Isfahan, known as the old square, and some others in Yazd, Qazvin and Tabriz. It has a rectangular plan with a beautiful garden in it surrounded by 200 chambers in two levels. Also, it has about 560m length and about 160 width.
There are some important buildings in the square. to the north there is Qesarieh bazaar, to the east Sheikh lotfollah mosque, Shah mosque is located to the south and we have Ali Qapoo palace to the west. So it has different functions such as political, religious and economic. Moreover, it was a place of excursion. According to some historians they played polo at the place and there are still the traces of its field there.
The Constructions took some time even 70 or 100 years after Shah Abbas. It means his successors continued his work but through the history the square damaged several times. For instance, after the annihilation of safavid dynasty and the conquest of afghans, for 7 years they destroyed lots of places and slaughtered the city. Also During Qajar dynasty again the place was damaged as well. Fortunately, since about 90 years ago maintaining and repairing has been started.
According to historians they built the square on the remains of a seljuq garden, dates back to 800 years ago , and there used to be some other places and object in the square such as two Achamanid’s capitals, they moved to Iran national museum and Chehel sotoun palace later, a clock tower replaced by Sheikh Lotfollah mosque and some other objects. Naqsh Jahan square is registered in the UNESCO’s world heritage list in the year 1979, simultaneously with Persepolis and Choqa Zanbil Ziggurat.