Literature is an aspect of culture. In fact, each culture can be introduced or known by its production, literature. It can be said that poetry is the aesthetic side. Even, by reading a poem not only you enjoy, but also you will notice about the atmosphere in which composed. Most of the kings loved poetry, Even some of them were poets. Through the history of Iran there are so many outstanding poems, especially during Islamic period. Hafez can be a greatest one whom composed about 500 meaningful poems influenced by Koran. So, let’s go to get familiar with him and to visit his tomb.
Shams-o-Aldin Muhammad, known as Hafez born during 14th century in Shiraz. He lost his father at youth age and as a result of that worked in a bakery, but later took his father’s position at the court, as a secretary. Unfortunately, Abu Ishaq, the governor, was defeated by Amir Mubarez-Aldin whom was a strict man. During his reign Hafez suffered a lot that in some of his poems blame Mubarez-Aldin. Later when Shah Shoja, Muberz-Aldin’s son, made a coup ďéta and over crowned his father, He again found his position at the court, as Shah Shoja was a poet, and started blooming again, in his poems praise Shah Shoja. In spite if Saadi, another poet, Hafez spent most of his life in Shiraz. He Just had an unfinished travel to India which his phobia of the sea stopped him and another short travel to Yazd that his homesickness led him to return. In addition he was not a famous poet during his life , however Saadi was, but after his death he got such fame and popularity that many knows him as one of the greatest Persian poets ever. Even his book is keeping next to holy Koran. After his death according to his will, he was buried in Musala, the cemetery of dignitaries, however some resisted.
The tomb of Hafez
When Hafez died, as it was his will, he was buried in Musala. But the first one whom tried to build a tomb for him was Ibrahim, the grandson of Tamerlane. Moreover, Karim khan, the founder of Zand era, ordered to build a tomb. They put a gravestone, built a tomb, and a corridor including four columns and two rooms in each side, in front of his tomb. The present tomb refers to about 90 years ago. In fact by the attempt of Ali Sami, an archeologist, Ali Asghar Hekmat, the minister of culture, and André Godard, a French architect. They expanded the corridor into twenty columns, that four columns of Zand era are still there, and built a new tomb. There are 8 columns according to the Persian architecture which also are the symbol of the century that Hafez lived in. On the top, there is a dome in the shape of Dervish’s turban. It is made out of cooper and brought there from northwest of Iran, probably the tomb of Sheikh Safi. The interior decorations of the dome are eye-catching, tile workings, mosaic works and inscriptions of his poems. The gravestone is older than its tomb, it is the one which was put during Zand era. It is a marble gravestone that inscribed with his poems. In fact it is a tomb within a garden with an awesome atmosphere. In addition there are some other graves there. In fact many dignitaries, authors, poets, Sufis, archeologists are buried in the area; such as Shapur Shahbazi, the archeologist and excavator of Persepolis, Mehdi Hamidi, a poet, Qavam house, dignitaries of Shiraz during 19th century.
It is believed that Hafez memorized Koran, probably while his father was reciting, but definitely he used some versus of Koran in his poems. This, actually, has made his poems full of spirituality. In fact when Hafez talks about love, means a divine love, being lost in the majesty of God. Sometimes, he blames those whom show off or pretend to be a good person but in their nature they are malicious, historian believe that these poems refer to Mubarez-Aldin. Although Hafez blame Mubarez-Aldin, he also praise Shah Shoja, his son, whom was a poet as well. So in addition of talking about love, he composed poems about social matters, and even sometimes about manners of behaving. The most important thing about his poems is the belief of omen. A story says that when they wanted to bury him someone resisted. They claimed that Hafez was not a true believer. Ironically, this controversy solved by a little girl. They wanted her to choose a poem of Hafez to ask him about his belief. Since that it has become a costume to presage with his poems.
Hafez is one of the greatest Persian poets. He is known by his love poems, but truly most of them are talking about a divine love. In his poems, he also used some versus of Koran which caused the spirituality of his works and he is known as a mystic. He is a respected poet not only among Persians but also for other poets such as Goethe, according to him he is deeply impressed by Hafez. His tomb is located in Shiraz with an outstanding atmosphere and is a definite destination for each visitor.