Gonbad Qabus, which is a relic of the fourth century AH, is located in the city of Gonbad Kavus in Golestan province in the north of Iran. Generations have come and gone over the centuries, and many of the buildings have been destroyed, but the world’s largest brick wall is still standing. A masterpiece of architecture that has seen many parts of Iran’s history and still looks at this land.
Gonbad Qabus Tower or Mill Gonbad located in Gonbad Kavus city in Golestan province of Iran, is the tallest brick tower in the world and was built in the fourth century AH (11 AD) by Qabus bin Wushmgir, king of Al-Ziyar. This building has seen a lot of damage throughout history and around the entrance of the building and parts of the wall were destroyed, the tower was renovated in 1931, 1940 and 1962.
Despite the use of very few decorative elements, this tower has a well-proportioned, harmonious, strong and beautiful structure that induces a sense of grandeur to the viewer. This magnificent building is built on a hill and has a height of 55 meters. The body of the building has a star structure from the outside and a dome of 18 meters is placed on it. In the body of the tower, there are two rows of simple inscriptions that are placed in the building with red bricks. The text of the inscription is as follows:
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, this building was built in 397 AH and 357 AH by Amir Qabus bin Wushmgir.
It is interesting to know that this tower was selected as the best engineering work in the human history in an international poll by a number of world famous architects with some interesting reasons, such as:
This building is more than fifty meters high, was built more than a thousand years ago and is still intact.
There are different opinions among experts about the function of this building, some consider this building as the tomb of Amir Qabus and others believe that this building was an observatory, and of course, no body has been discovered following archeological excavations. Another use of the building has been as a guide, considering that this city was on the Silk Road, this high building has been used as a guide and like a lighthouse for the caravans of this road to know their location by seeing this tower.
The tower was listed as the tallest brick tower in the world at the 36th UNESCO Summit in 2012 as a World Heritage Site. The largest brick building in the world annually hosts many tourists to show its glory and also to remember its builder Qabus bin Wushmgir .