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Char-bagh school

Char-Bagh School

Another important part of the cities are schools. In fact, at first only noblemen were allowed to be educated. Fortunately, this unfair custom had stopped and gradually ordinary people got their right. During Safavid dynasty, between the 16th century and the 18th century, a famous school was built in Isfahan which is known as Char-Bagh School. It is one of the most appreciated visited places by tourist.

Char-bagh school

The history

Char-Bagh school can be the last monument which was built during Safavid dynasty. It wad built during the reign of the last Safavid king, Shah Sultan Husain, and the constructions were finished during the 18th century, after 10 years constructions. Also, this place has other names, such as Sultani school, as it was built during the reign of Shah Sultan Husain, or the mosque & the school of the mother of the king, in Persian Madar-e Shah, because she donated some other places to the school. In addition, There used to be a library in the school that after the invasion of Afghans was destroyed. In fact, the school had some other belongings, such as gardens, farms, village and so on which probably after the invasion of Afghans, were destroyed.

Char-bagh school

Char-bagh school

Char-bagh school

The architecture

The plan of Char-Bagh school is rooted in the Persian architecture, a rectangular plan with a central court yard surrounded by four porticos, Ivan. It has a huge entrance decorated with astonishing tile workings and beautiful stalactites. The door has the eye-catching ornamentation of gold and silver and on the wall 17 blind vaults, blind windows, can be seen. After the entrance there is a vestibule which has the most beautiful tile workings. In the middle of the school, in the yard, there is a garden with streams, adopted by style of Persian gardens. As it mentioned it has four porticos, in each side. The northern one is wider an higher. Across from it there is the southern portico with a dome and minarets. All the internal parts of the school are divided into small sections and decorated with outstanding tile workings. In addition, a marble pulpit and an amazing Mihrab added its beauty. Around the dome and the Mihrab some inscriptions can be seen, Abdolrahim Jazaieri is the calligraphist. The praying hall is located to the east. It has a beautiful door with incredible inlaid works. Between porticos, there some chambers or rooms in two levels, actually it was a religious school and the rooms were used by clergymen.

Char-bagh school

To the north of Char-Bagh school there is a bazar, it was called Shah bazar during Safavid dynasty. And to the east a caravanserai is located, now it is a hostel. According to historians, it has been a mosque and a school, because it has been a school for clergymen and also due to the existences of a praying hall to the east it is a mosque as well. After the Islamic revolution it is called as “Imam Sadegh religious school ”.

About the author

Hamid Noori is a local tourist guide in Iran. He borned in 1991 june 22end. First he studied industrial engineering at Shiraz university and worked in that field for a while but later he decided to pursue his dreams dealing with history. Now Hamid is a professional tourist guide.

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