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Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Amir Chakhmaq square is one of the most important historic sites of Yazd which is the symbol of the city. In fact, it’s an urban complex, including a mosque, a bath, a bazar and some cisterns. In addition, it is the place of holding some especial religious ceremonies. It is located within the old texture of Yazd where is registered in the UNESCO’s world heritage list.

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

The history

This amazing place dates back to the 15th century. It was built by “Amir Chakhmaq” whom was a Timurid commander and the governor of Yazd, so that it is respectively called Amir Chakhmaq complex. Later, Shah Abas, a Safavid king, ordered to renovate and reconstruct deteriorated buildings. In addition, during Safavid dynasty a “Husainieh”, a place like a mosque which also uses during religious ceremonies, were added to the square ,near the entrance of bazar. Beside, during the 19th century “Hossein Attar” was missioned to maintain the mosque. Finally, during the 20th century, as a result of expanding of the adjuncts streets, some parts were destroyed and the square was gotten smaller that the mosque and the square were merged.

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

The architecture

Amir Chakhmaq Square is an urban complex in the middle of Yazd, containing different parts which the most important one is a mosque located to the south. It’s called with different names, such as; “Dahuk”, “ New Jame mosque” or “Amir Chakhmaq”. There are two praying halls, a summer praying hall and a winter one. Surprisingly, the entrance aisle is passing through the winter praying hall, it divides the praying hall. Moreover, the summer praying hall ventilates and cools with a wind catcher. Simultaneously with the inauguration of the mosque, a bazaar was built to the east of the complex by “Haji Qanbar”, the subsequent governor of Yazd. In addition, during the 19th century a mourning religious place called “Tekyeh” was added, Which is on of the symbols of Yazd. Also, here you will see a huge wooden coffin, “Nakhl”, and possibly dates back to Safavid dynasty, 500 years ago. This cypress-shape coffin is the symbol of liberty and uses during religious ceremonies.

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

In fact to establish this lovely complex, Amir Chakhmaq’s wife, did a great job. Her tomb is shining to the east. Beside, there were three cisterns of which two are preserved and were in use until 40 years ago. The western cistern, across from the tomb, was built by Sati Fatimah. It is prominent with 5 wind catchers and converted to a “Zurkhaneh”, a special traditional place to practice heroic sports. The other one is located between “Tekyeh” and bazar, being built by “Haji Qanbar”. Unlike other cisterns, it is an under ground building, even the dome. Also, wind catchers are designed in in walls, not in the ceiling.

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Amir Chakhmaq complex is a noticeable site in Yazd. Actually, it was founded by the Timurid commander, Amir Chakhmaq. It is an urban complex, dating back to the 15th century A.D, however through the history some parts were deteriorated, renovated or annexed to the site. In addition of being a historic hub, it is also a religious ceremonial place, specially during the mourning.

About the author

Hamid Noori is a local tourist guide in Iran. He borned in june 3, 1991. First he studied industrial engineering at Shiraz university and worked in that field for a while but later he decided to pursue his dreams dealing with history. Now Hamid is a professional tourist guide.

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