Abyaneh village is one of the tourist destinations in Iran, which attracts many tourists every year due to its unique architecture and local buildings. The very beautiful view of the houses of this village with its original architecture attracts the attention of every tourist. In addition, the presence of several historical monuments in this village multiplies its attractions.
Abyaneh is one of the few villages in Iran where the indigenous people continue to wear and preserve their traditional clothing. The red color of the old buildings of the village, which are located on the slope of the mountain, have given Abyaneh a double charm. In fact, the combination of nesting alleys, various historical monuments, geometric lattice windows, inlaid doors, etc. is spectacular and attractive to any viewer. Abyaneh was called in the local language “Viuna”, which composed of two words “Vi” and “Vianeh” meaning willow land; Over time, this name has changed to “Oviana” and later to “Abyaneh”. The history of this tourist sight of Iran is not well known; However, it is estimated to be 1500 years old, dating back to the Sassanid era, which in this regard is one of the oldest residential areas on the edge of the desert plain of Iran.
Abyaneh village reaches an altitude of 2,222 meters above sea level and therefore has a cold climate; It is also one of the highest residential areas in Iran . The texture of this ancient village of Iran, the form of structures and the type of materials used in them are also influenced by this issue, has led to the formation of a stepped-like village with dense texture and interconnected buildings with foothills in the north, villages in the middle and farms in the south and east. All the houses in this tourist destination of Iran are built on a hillside and have remarkable architecture; Because the flat roofs of the lower houses act as the courtyards of the upper houses. For this reason, Abyaneh looks like a multi-storey building.
One of the attractions of this ancient village, is the reddish color of the houses. The property of red soil is that the more it rains, the stronger it becomes; Just like the natives of this village who have been patient in the face of natural disasters like the patience of mountain and the stubbornness of the rock, and they love the traditions, architecture and relics of their ancestors so much that they have preserved them until now.
The mountainous nature of the area, as well as its relatively close proximity to densely populated centers, has given it the advantage that people have well preserved many of the traditional customs, language, dialects, and colorful clothing. The traditional clothing of men in Abyaneh village includes loose trousers made of black fabric, and for women it includes a long shirt with floral fabrics and white scarves, which is still popular among the people and they are prejudiced against it.
Among the historical monuments Abyaneh village there is a fire temple that was built during the Zoroastrian era. Among its attractions there are three castles in different parts of the village. Moreover, there are some shrines, the most famous one is the Hinza shrine, which is located in the southeastern part of the village. The tombs of Imam Zadeh Yahya and Imam Zadeh Isa are other religious buildings in this tourist attraction of Iran.
Abyaneh tourist village is considered as one of the rare examples in the world and one of the three tourist villages of Iran due to its magnificent architecture, historical monuments and eye-catching landscapes. Due to the mountainous nature of the region and being safe from foreign invasions, it has preserved its ancestral originality so that Abyaneh can be considered a full-fledged mirror of ancient Iran.
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