Taq-e bostan is one of the sights of Kermanshah province, which is one of the most important bas reliefs from the Sassanid dynasty. For those who are interested in the history of the Sassanid era, seeing ancient and historical places, we suggest that you accompany us on a trip to Kermanshah and visit the Taq-e Bostan.
In the past, this place with its pleasant climate and nature, was a place for recreation and hunting of Sassanid kings, and reliefs also show this. Throughout history, kings have sought to show and immortalize their glory throughout history by using art. One of the methods was carving on rocks, mountains and creating reliefs of important events of the time. They asked the artists to carve events such as the coronation, the victory over the enemies on the top of the mountain and on the rock so that every passer-by could see it.
This place unveils several historical events of the Sassanid era and depicts the coronation of the kings of this period, which are mentioned below:
.Coronation of Ardeshir II
.The Great Arch, the coronation of Khosrow Parviz
.The small arch, coronation of Shapur II and III
.Bas relief of Mohammad Ali Mirza
Coronation of Ardeshir II
In Taq-e Bostan, a beautiful image depicts the accession to the throne and the coronation of the ninth king of the Sassanid dynasty. Ardeshir II is carved standing up, placing his left hand on his sword and receiving the power ring from Ahura Mazda with his right hand. Ahura Mazda (the great god) in this relief has a golden crown on his head and gives the ring of the power to the king. Under the foot of Ardeshir II is the Roman emperor Julian, who was captured in battle.
The Great Arch, the coronation of Khosrow Parviz
On both sides of the entrance of the arch, there are images of winged angels, hunting grounds, horses and boats, which was a symbol of the celebration of the time. In the upper part of the arch, the king is in the middle, Ahura Mazda (the great god) is on his right and Anahita is on the left of the king, Anahita is the goddess of water, beauty and fertility. The lower part is also an armored rider whose identity is unknown, but some consider it to belong to Khosrow Parviz.
The small arch, coronation of Shapur II and III
The small arch is located between the bass relief of the coronation of Ardeshir II and the large arch and is the coronation ceremony of Shapur II and III. This arch has two bass reliefs on the arch and two inscriptions, the text of which is introduction of the great god and Shapur lI and IlI.
Bas relief of Mohammad Ali Mirza
This relief was created by Mohammad Ali Mirza during the Qajar rule in the 19th century.
There is a fountain in the Bostan arch area so that while traveling to the Sassanid era, we can enjoy the pleasant weather of this place and have a beautiful view, and of course the restaurants and cafes of this place will complement our trip.